Orostachys are summer active succulents and grow in Japan, China, Korea and Russia and are part of the Crassulaceae family. The leaves are blue/grey and form adorable small rosettes from the many ‘arms’ the mother plant offsets over summer. They will naturally take root once the ‘pup’ has reached it’s own little patch of soil so there is no need to remove pups from the mother plant. I tend to not ‘top-dress’ my pots with dunce caps as it is easier for the pups to root freely without rocks in their way 😉
Dunce Caps prefer more watering than other succulents so it is important to keep up watering in their summer active season. Once your Dunce Cap has flowered, the mother plant will die as they are monocarpic (flower once then die). Do not despair if your Dunce Cap has flowered, they will send many offsets out before they die, to ensure their continued survival.
As for pests, it is very important to keep an eye out for little black dots on the inside of the leaves or flowers. Aphids LOVE this plant so catch them early and spray with dishwashing liquid and water in a spray bottle. The dish liquid doesn’t hurt your plants but will smother the aphids. Repeat this process until there are no more aphids (this might take a few days). Pests are usually more rampant after consecutive days of heavy rainfall or extreme dry weather (when the plant is more stressed). To relieve stress, a good Seasol (seaweed solution) is recommended to help your plant fight disease. Ensure your Seasol is measured at half strength for succulents as they do not need as much as other plants.